Located in the mountainous northern and eastern region of Myanmar, Kachin and northern Shan are home to numerous ethnic minorities. various of ethnic armed organisations and military-affiliated forces control different parts of this region, creating complex socio-economic governance dynamics, and leading to numerous conflicts between different groups and the Myanmar military. This ongoing and regular conflict is a driving cause of displacement and human rights violations; a situation which is aggravated by extensive landmine usage, a thriving drug trade, and uncontrolled natural resources exploitation, especially through illegal logging and mining. Humanitarian action in this region faces regular access challenges due to being forced to navigate numerous (and constantly changing) governance dynamics, necessitating negotiating with a plethora of state and non-state actors.